The Nullification Crisis January 6, by Ando For this assignment for my History class we had to choose a crisis the country faced sometime before I chose the Nullification Crisis, something probably not very well known, but crucial in the years leading to the Civil War.
This week in history: December 17, 3: The crisis began in May when Congress passed the Tariff ofwhich was designed to encourage Northern industry by levying high import duties on cheaper British goods.
While Northern states stood to profit handsomely from the tariff, Southern states were not happy as they would now have to pay more overall for manufactured goods. Calhoun, a South Carolinian, vigorously opposed it. It was not the first time a sitting vice president disagreed with an administration's major policy.
Calhoun was a strong believer in states' rights and feared the power of the federal government to intervene so strongly in the Southern economy. The unspoken fear, of course, was that if the federal government could levy a tariff to profoundly alter the economy of the South, was the institution of slavery safe from federal interference?
Could not the North, in the guise of instituting new economic policies, virtually prohibit slavery? Calhoun decided to pen an argument enunciating his views on the relationship between the federal government and the state governments.
In the document, Calhoun attacks the North as short-sighted, looking out for only its own interests and its hopes of tying the Southern economy closer to its own.
Their object in the tariff is to keep down foreign competition, in order to obtain a monopoly of the domestic market. If the federal government did not recognize this right, Calhoun wrote, that state was within its rights to secede from the Union. The vice president claimed for South Carolina a veto on the actions of the federal government: Whether the federal government would honor the claim was the question that hung over Washington in the months after Calhoun penned his exposition.
Like Jefferson inCalhoun authored his work anonymously, and as Adams' administration came to an end, Calhoun had high hopes that the incoming president ofAndrew Jackson, himself a slave owner, would agree with his interpretation of constitutional law.
Unusual in American politics, Calhoun had jumped candidates in the election and now served as vice president under Jackson. He believed that the white-haired general about to take the presidential oath would heed his counsel to slash the tariff, relieve the South, and calm fears of future interference with the region's way of life.
Then, Calhoun hoped, his own hour would strike, and carry him to the White House. The tension came to a head in Aprilwhen the two attended a dinner celebrating the deceased Thomas Jefferson's birthday in Washington.
Jackson raised his glass, glowered directly at Calhoun, and, as if issuing a dueler's challenge, gravely offered his own toast: Jackson offered a watered-down tariff that placated most Southerners in When South Carolina stated its dissatisfaction and continued talk of secession, Congress passed the Force Bill, which would allow the federal government to send a military force into South Carolina to collect the import duties and prevent secession.
Under the leadership of Sen.
Henry Clay of Kentucky, Congress brokered a new compromise tariff. Aware that it could not effectively challenge the federal government alone, South Carolina accepted the compromise and repealed its ordinance of nullification in The crisis was over and the Civil War was delayed for another 30 years.Jan 06, · I chose the Nullification Crisis, something probably not very well known, but crucial in the years leading to the Civil War.
The reading I’ve doing in this class lately has been a lot about the Compormise of 18xx, or the Such-and-Such Act, or the John Doe vs.
a state decicsion. Learn term:secession = withdrawing from the union with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of term:secession = withdrawing from the union flashcards on Quizlet.
One infamous situation that caused a rift between Jackson and Calhoun, and helped confirm Van Buren as Jackson’s favorite, was the Peggy Eaton affair.
Peggy, the wife of Secretary of War John Eaton, had been accused of adultery prior to her marriage to John. The crisis was over and the Civil War was delayed for another 30 years. Cody K. Carlson holds a master's degree in history from the University of Utah and teaches at Salt Lake Community College.
The Nullification Crisis erupted when the South Carolina legislature passed an Ordinance of Nullification on November 24, The Ordinance of Nullification declared the Tariffs of and null and void within the state borders of South Carolina.
"Nullification Crisis" Crisis during Andrew Jackson's presidency that centered on the state of South Carolina attempted to nullify a federal law passed by Congress. Although the federal and state were able to compromise, this once again showed how the United States had a very delicate balance between federal and state power.