More circulation of the bacteria Waning immunity The bacteria that cause pertussis are also always changing at a genetic level. Research is underway to determine if any of the recent changes may contribute to the increase in disease.
Fever Cough After a week or two, signs and symptoms worsen. Thick mucus accumulates inside your airways, causing uncontrollable coughing. Severe and prolonged coughing attacks may: Provoke vomiting Result in a red or blue face Cause extreme fatigue End with a high-pitched "whoop" sound during the next breath of air However, many people don't develop the characteristic whoop.
Sometimes, a persistent hacking cough is the only sign that an adolescent or adult has whooping cough. Infants may not cough at all.
Instead, they may struggle to breathe, or they may even temporarily stop breathing. When to see a doctor Call your doctor if prolonged coughing spells cause you or your child to: Vomit Seem to be struggling to breathe or have noticeable pauses in breathing Inhale with a whooping sound Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis.
When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny germ-laden droplets are sprayed into the air and breathed into the lungs of anyone who happens to be nearby. Risk factors The whooping cough vaccine you receive as a child eventually wears off. This leaves most teenagers and adults susceptible to the infection during an outbreak — and there continue to be regular outbreaks.
Infants who are younger than age 12 months who are unvaccinated or haven't received the full set of recommended vaccines have the highest risk for severe complications and death. Complications Teens and adults often recover from whooping cough with no problems.
When complications occur, they tend to be side effects of the strenuous coughing, such as: Bruised or cracked ribs Broken blood vessels in the skin or the whites of your eyes Infants In infants — especially those under 6 months of age — complications from whooping cough are more severe and may include: Pneumonia Dehydration or weight loss due to feeding difficulties Seizures Brain damage Because infants and toddlers are at greatest risk of complications from whooping cough, they're more likely to need treatment in a hospital.
Complications can be life-threatening for infants younger than 6 months old. Prevention The best way to prevent whooping cough is with the pertussis vaccine, which doctors often give in combination with vaccines against two other serious diseases — diphtheria and tetanus.
Doctors recommend beginning vaccination during infancy. The vaccine consists of a series of five injections, typically given to children at these ages:The first symptoms of whooping cough are like a cold — sneezing, runny nose, slight fever, and a cough that may get worse at night.
But unlike a cold, whooping cough sticks around and within 2 weeks the cough gets stronger. Whooping cough is an infectious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable coughing. The name comes from the noise you make when you take a breath after you cough.
Pertussis, often called whooping cough, is caused by a bacterial infection. It’s a highly contagious illness that spreads easily from person to person through airborne germs from the nose and.
The newer pertussis vaccine is now universally seen as ineffective, and there are some studies pointing to a link between whooping cough outbreaks and pertussis mutations adapting to the current vaccine, as researchers admit a new vaccine is needed. Read about the whooping cough vaccine (DTaP, Tdap), treatment, symptoms, stages, causes (Bordetella pertussis), and prevention.
Whooping cough gets its name from the high-pitched whoop sound that follows a series of rapid coughs. Whooping cough is an infectious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable coughing. The name comes from the noise you make when you take a breath after you cough.
You may have choking spells or may cough so hard that you vomit.