Educate people about this:
Virtually nobody believes World War Three will be triggered by recent the military conflicts in Ukraine, Iraq or the China seas, yet many factors today mirror those that led to the catastrophe in Sarajevo on June 28, The pace of globalization was almost as dramatic and confusing in as it is today.
Yet the crucial parallel may be the complacent certainty that economic interdependence and prosperity had made war inconceivable — at least in Europe. A best-selling book, The Great Illusion, used economic arguments to demonstrate that territorial conquest had become unprofitable, and therefore global capitalism had removed the risk of major wars.
It underlies, for example, the Western foreign policy that presents economic sanctions on Russia or Iran as a substitute for political compromise or military intervention. The truth, as the world discovered in and is re-discovering today in Ukraine, the Middle East and the China seas, is that economic interests are swept aside once the genie of nationalist or religious militarism is released.
As I pointed out in this columnRussia has in past conflicts withstood economic losses unimaginable to politicians and diplomats in the Western world — and the same is true of Iran and China. These features are now returning to destabilize geopolitics a century later.
The great power rotation of saw the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire in decline with Germany ascendant. Meanwhile, Britain, with France and Russia as junior partners, sought to maintain dominance in Europe.
But their money, military resources and political perseverance were running out. Today, Russia is a declining power and China is rising, while the United States is trying to maintain the 20th-century balance of power, with Europe and Japan as junior partners.
Under these conditions, both rising and declining powers often conflict with nations currently in control. The rising powers want to extend their territory or correct perceived historic wrongs. They challenge the status quo — as China is doing in its neighboring seas.
The declining powers, meanwhile, want to prevent territorial erosion and avoid diplomatic humiliations.
Countries like Russia today or Austria-Hungary in clash with the dominant powers presiding over what seems to them a natural and inevitable decline.
But to Russia this looks like territorial aggression and encirclement by hostile forces. Rising and declining powers naturally tend to unite against the status quo leaders. Which brings me to the clearest lesson from This turned localized conflicts into regional or global wars — and did so with terrifying speed and unpredictability.
Could such treaties act as a hair-trigger for global war, as in ? In earlythough, it seemed almost impossible that Britain and France would go to war with Germany to defend Russia against Austria-Hungary over a dispute with Serbia.
Yet by June 28, war moved straight from impossible to inevitable — without ever passing through improbable.
Four years later, 10 million people had died. Battle of the Somme German soldiers rear offering to surrender to French troops, seen from a listening post in a trench at Massiges, northeastern France.
French soldiers standing in German trenches seized after being shelled on the Somme front, northern France in Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria with his children.The sad part is that World War II may have been avoided had the issues of World War 1 been resolved.
Unfortunately when the final shots were fired it went back to business as usual. World War II would be more appropriately named World War 1 part 2.
Jun 27, · If one sees World War I and World War II as two peaks of a single, long-term event, then maybe we can view the Cold War, which followed, as a great accomplishment. The great accomplishment of the Cold War is that it did not turn into a hot war.
Dec 12, · The Peloponnesian War – fought between BCE and BCE – was one of the most influential wars in ancient Greece as it reshaped the entire Greek world. Similar legions of rifle-toting troops did the same after World War I ended with the defeat of Germany and its Would it in any way resemble the end of the Civil War, or of the war to end all wars, or of the war that made that moniker obsolete?
The easiest of those questions to resolve is the last one and the American Legion should. The war to end all wars has become the war where most, if not all, historians mark the moment that our world stumbled into modernity. The 'Inevitable' World War. ADD TO By submitting this. Jun 28, · World War One and film Appended is a PowerPoint presentation exploring how movies have sometimes both refleced and fed some myths about the Great War, the “war to end all wars”.
The cause of peace is not helped by bad history.