Ask Your Doctor Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.
More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. Symptoms Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly.
In fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. Increased thirst and frequent urination.
Excess sugar building up in your bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues. This may leave you thirsty.
As a result, you may drink — and urinate — more than usual. Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy.
This triggers intense hunger. Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight. Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat. Calories are lost as excess glucose is released in the urine. If your cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable.
If your blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your eyes. This may affect your ability to focus.
Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects your ability to heal and resist infections. Areas of darkened skin. Some people with type 2 diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies — usually in the armpits and neck.
This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may be a sign of insulin resistance. When to see a doctor See your doctor if you notice any type 2 diabetes symptoms. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors. How insulin works Insulin is a hormone that comes from the gland situated behind and below the stomach pancreas.
The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.If you have type 2 diabetes, you know how important your dietary choices are. Learn how to get the nutrients you need while managing your blood sugar. Jan 19, · Monitoring Blood Sugar: Tips for Type 2 Diabetes.
Around two hours after eating, blood sugar levels should be below , and ideally under “When patients are well-controlled, meaning their A1C is below 7, we don’t need to be checking the sugars that often,” says Arévalo.
Monitoring Blood Sugar: Tips for Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood. Most people with the condition have type 2.
There are about 27 million people in the. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose.
Glucose is the fuel that feeds.
Overview. Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your .