Black, White, and Blue: Extensive public opinion research over the last year has shown stark differences in how blacks and whites perceive the police, differences documented in survey research going back to polling conducted in response to the Kerner Commission report on the race riots. Now the Ferguson Commission report has been released, and polls provide a clear picture of areas of likely agreement and disagreement between blacks and whites on its recommendations.
Race continues to play a central role in police brutality in the United States. In the cities we have examined where such data are available, minorities have alleged human rights violations by police more frequently than white residents and far out of proportion to their representation in those cities.
Police have subjected minorities to apparently discriminatory treatment and have physically abused minorities while using Race and police brutality epithets.
Mistreatment may be non-violent harassment and humiliation, such as allegations of racial profiling in which drivers are temporarily detained often for driving in certain areas or for driving certain types of cars. At worst, it includes the kinds of extreme violence we feature in this report.
Each new incident involving police mistreatment of an African-American, Hispanic-American or other minority - and particularly those that receive media attention - reinforces a general belief that some residents are subjected to particularly harsh treatment and racial bias.
Since the mids, incidents of real or perceived police abuse have sparked civil unrest, including costly and violent uprisings, and a lingering distrust between racial minority communities and the police. The thirty-year-old findings of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders also known as the Kerner Commissionpublished inare still relevant: Almost invariably the incident that ignites disorder arises from police action.
Harlem, Watts, Newark and Detroit - all the major outbursts of recent years - were precipitated by routine arrests of Negroes by white officers for minor offenses And the fact is that many police do reflect and express these white attitudes.
The atmosphere of hostility and cynicism is reinforced by a widespread perception among Negroes of the existence of police brutality and corruption, and of a "double standard" of justice and protection - one for Negroes and one for whites. Yet, in predictable cycles, as new abuses come to light, police administrative or court decisions remind the public that officers often avoid penalties for human rights violations they commit.
The Christopher Commission report and the St. Clair Commission report examining Boston's police department show that race still plays a central role in the use of excessive force.
Clair Commission report found that during the period studied, 50 percent of complainants in the sample group were African-American, while 26 percent of Boston's population was African-American. Clair report was the Stuart case, in which a white man reportedly murdered his pregnant wife and diverted suspicion by claiming the assailant had been a black man.
His allegation led to round-ups and harassment of African-American men and to outrage once the truth was discovered, with many claiming a double standard. The Christopher Commission in Los Angeles "also found that the problem of excessive force is aggravated by racism and bias Witnesses repeatedly reported that officers verbally harassed minorities, detained African-American and Latino men who fit certain generalized descriptions of suspects, employed unnecessarily invasive or humiliating tactics in minority neighborhoods, and used excessive force.
Recent, widely publicized cases highlight the way perceived instances of abuse can ignite a racially-charged atmosphere. Petersburg, Florida, a white police officer, Jim Knight, shot and killed a black motorist, eighteen-year-old TyRon Lewis, on October 24, The officer claimed that Lewis's vehicle had lunged toward him.
Three weeks later, rioting erupted again just hours after a grand jury declined to indict Officer Knight. But a subsequent investigation by the U.
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Commission on Civil Rights pointed to a "clique within the Police Department with a significant pattern of misconduct" as the primary problem between the police and community. Petersburg, a similar scenario played itself out in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
White police Officer Jon Vojtas was acquitted by an all-white jury in the killing of black motorist Jonny Gammage in Brentwood, a predominantly white Pittsburgh suburb.
Following the acquittal, there was a protest outside the courtroom, with chants reminiscent of the King case, "No justice, no peace. Gammage had been driving in Brentwood in October when police officers pulled him over, claiming that he had been driving erratically.
In a struggle with five officers after he emerged from his car, Gammage was subdued as officers pressed on his back and neck, suffocating him. He died at the scene.
The case drew unusual attention because the victim was the cousin of a Pittsburgh Steelers football player, Ray Seals, a local celebrity, and he had been driving Seals's car at the time of the encounter.
The trials of two other officers involved in the incident ended in mistrials in and May 12, · Police brutality is a preventable cause of death that does not burden all racial groups equally. That is clear. When stories like that of Jordan Edwards make the morning news, we should force.
Disputes standard explanations of police brutality against minority citizens to offer new insights and suggestions on dealing with this problem. The recent shootings in Baton Rouge, Falcon Heights, and Dallas have exposed many individuals and their families to incidents of police brutality that reminds us that as a society work needs to be done to improve police and community relations.
What causes police brutality, and why are minority citizens the primary victims?
Social scientists often attribute the behavior to poorly managed police departments, bad cops, or the interests of the powerful in controlling minorities perceived as criminal threats. Nov 09, · News about police brutality, misconduct and shootings. Commentary and archival information about police brutality and misconduct from The New York Times.
In this week’s Race. Published by The Atlantic, this is a crowdsourced list of readings and resources that support teaching about race, white privilege and incidents of police brutality, as well as civil rights history and other related topics.
Although the material references Ferguson, it is relevant to all teaching about racial profiling or police violence.