Even oven-dried wood retains a small percentage of moisture, but for all except chemical purposes, may be considered absolutely dry. The general effect of the water content upon the wood substance is to render it softer and more pliable. A similar effect occurs in the softening action of water on rawhide, paper, or cloth.
The scale describing wind force devised by Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort inin which winds are graded by the effect of their force originally, the amount of sail that a fully rigged frigate could carry. Becalm To cut off the wind from a sailing vessel, either by the proximity of land or by another vessel.
Becalmed Unable to move due to lack of wind; said of a sailing vessel. Before the mast Literally, the area of a ship before the foremast the forecastle.
Most often used to refer to men whose living quarters are located here, officers being quartered in the stern-most areas of the ship near the quarterdeck. Officer-trainees lived between the two ends of the ship and become known as "midshipmen".
Crew members who started out as seamen, then became midshipmen, and later, officers, were said to have gone from "one end of the ship to the other".
To make fast a line around a fitting, usually a cleat or belaying pin. To secure a climbing person in a similar manner. An order to halt a current activity or countermand an order prior to execution.
Short movable bars of iron or hard wood to which running rigging may be secured, or belayed. Bell A type of buoy with a large bell and hanging hammers that sound by wave action. Below On or into a lower deck, e.
Below decks Belt armor A layer of heavy metal armor plated onto or within the outer hulls of warships, typically on battleships, battlecruisers, cruisers, and aircraft carriers, usually covering the warship from her main deck down to some distance below the waterline.
If built within the hull, rather than forming the outer hull, the belt would be installed at an inclined angle to improve the warship's protection from shells striking the hull. A knot used to join two ropes or lines. To attach a rope to an object  3.
Fastening a sail to a yard  Bermuda rig or Bermudan rig A triangular mainsail, without any upper spar, which is hoisted up the mast by a single halyard attached to the head of the sail. This configuration, introduced to Europe aboutallows the use of a tall mast, enabling sails to be set higher where wind speed is greater.
Bermuda sloop A fore-and-aft rigged sailing vessel with Bermuda rig developed in Bermuda in the 17th century.
In its purest form, it is single-masted, although Bermuda sloops can have up to three masts, three-masted ships being referred to as schooners. Originally gaff riggedbut evolved to use Bermuda rig. The Bermuda sloop is the basis of nearly all modern sailing yachts. A location in a port or harbour used specifically for mooring vessels while not at sea.
Berth navigation Safety margin of distance to be kept by a vessel from another vessel or from an obstruction, hence the phrase, "to give a wide berth.It may have been in part derived from the Mogollon culture, an older tradition of settled agriculturalists and ceramics producers who flourished from c b.c.
in the mountain areas of east central Arizona and west central New Mexico. There is much evidence of trade and cultural interchange between the Mogollon and the Anasazi.
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