We interrupt your regular program for quite an extraordinary moment in the history of the United States. A short while ago President Clinton's staff came to tell us that he was going to come to the Rose Garden now and make some remarks. Peter, the president will make another attempt to say he's sorry about what he's caused. But on the afternoon of December 11,he came to the Rose Garden of the White House to apologize to the American people.
Translate this page from English Print Page Change Text Size: What makes the thinking of a nurse different from a doctor, a dentist or an engineer?
It is how we view the client and the type of problems we deal with in practice when we engage in client care. To think like a nurse requires that we learn the content of nursing; the ideas, concepts and theories of nursing and develop our intellectual capacities and skills so that we become disciplined, self-directed, critical thinkers.
In nursing, critical thinking for clinical decision-making is the ability to think in a systematic and logical manner with openness to question and reflect on the reasoning process used to ensure safe nursing practice and quality care Heaslip.
Critical thinking when developed in the practitioner includes adherence to intellectual standards, proficiency in using reasoning, a commitment to develop and maintain intellectual traits of the mind and habits of thought and the competent use of thinking skills and abilities for sound clinical judgments and safe decision-making.
Intellectual Standards for Reasoning Practitioners in nursing who are critical thinkers value and adhere to intellectual standards. Critical thinkers strive to be clear, accurate, precise, logical complete, significant and fair when they listen, speak, read and write.
Critical thinkers think deeply and broadly. All thinking can be examined in light of these standards and as we reflect on the quality of our thinking we begin to recognize when we are being unclear, imprecise, vague or inaccurate.
As nurses, we want to eliminate irrelevant, inconsistent and illogical thoughts as we reason about client care. Nurses use language to clearly communicate in-depth information that is significant to nursing care. Nurses are not focused on the trivial or irrelevant.
Nurses who are critical thinkers hold all their views and reasoning to these standards as well as, the claims of others such that the quality of nurse's thinking improves over time thus eliminating confusion and ambiguity in the presentation and understanding of thoughts and ideas.
Elements of Reasoned Thinking Reasoning in nursing involves eight elements of thought. Critical thinking involves trying to figure out something; a problem, an issue, the views of another person, a theory or an idea. To figure things out we need to enter into the thinking of the other person and then to comprehend as best we can the structure of their thinking.
This also applies to our own thinking as well. When I read an author I'm trying to figure out what the author is saying; what problem or issue the author is addressing, what point of view or frame of reference he is coming from, what the goal or purpose is of this piece of writing, what evidence, data or facts are being used and what theories, concepts, principles or ideas are involved.
I want to understand the interpretations and claims the author is making and the assumptions that underlie his thinking.
I need to be able to follow the author's lines of formulated thought and the inferences which lead to a particular conclusion.
I need to understand the implications and consequences of the author's thinking. As I come to understand the author in-depth I will also begin to recognize the strength and weakness of his reasoning. I will be able to offer my perspective on the subject at hand with a clear understanding of how the author would respond to my ideas on the subject.
The Elements of Thought All thinking, if it is purposeful, includes the following elements of thought Paul, The problem, question, concern or issue being discussed or thought about by the thinker.
What the thinker is attempting to figure out. The purpose or goal of the thinking. Why we are attempting to figure something out and to what end.
What do we hope to accomplish. The frame of reference, points of view or even world view that we hold about the issue or problem. The assumptions that we hold to be true about the issue upon which we base our claims or beliefs.
The central concepts, ideas, principles and theories that we use in reasoning about the problem. The evidence, data or information provided to support the claims we make about the issue or problem.
The interpretations, inferences, reasoning, and lines of formulated thought that lead to our conclusions. The implications and consequences that follow from the positions we hold on the issue or problem. When nurses reason they use these elements of thought to figure out difficult questions and recognize that their thinking could be flawed or limited by lack of in-depth understanding of the problem at issue therefore, they critically monitor their thinking to ensure that their thinking meets the standards for intellectual thought.
In summary, as a critical thinker, I am able to figure out by reading or listening critically what nurse scholars believe about nursing and on what basis nurses act as they practice nursing.
To do this I must clearly comprehend the thinking of another person by figuring out the logic of their thinking. I must comprehend clearly the thinking of myself by figuring out my own thoughts on the subject at hand.
Finally, I must use intellectual standards to evaluate my thinking and the thinking of others on a given problem such that I can come to a defensible, well reasoned view of the problem and therefore, know what to believe or do in a given circumstance.
To do this I must be committed to developing my mind as a self-directed, independent critical thinker.
I must value above all else the intellectual traits and habits of thought that critical thinkers possess.Critical thinking is the disciplined, intellectual process of applying skilful reasoning as a guide to belief or action (Paul, Ennis & Norris). With more rain coming, Thai rescuers are racing against time to pump out water from a flooded cave before they can extract 12 boys and their soccer coach with minimum risk, officials said Thursday.
Publisher of academic books and electronic media publishing for general interest and in a wide variety of fields. Critical Thinking Reflection - Critical thinking is a significant and essential topic in recent education. The strategy of critical thinking skills helps identify areas in one's courses as the suitable place to highlight, expand and use some problems in exams that test students' critical thinking skills.
Mercer University’s reputation is built on its rigorous academic programs, outstanding faculty, and state-of-the-art facilities. Yet, tradition plays an important role in the University’s unique identity as a faith-based institution committed to religious and intellectual freedom and respect for religious diversity.
Why all the fuss about critical thinking? How does critical thinking actually work on the floor? This episodes uses real life examples to show you how critical thinking works on the floor and how it kicks in with nursing care Continued.