Tom Paine thought of himself as a "gardener of ideas". Reason and Self-Governing Individuals Self-governing individuals are necessary to have a self-governing society.
His father was a Quaker and his mother an Anglican, and it is likely Paine was baptized into the Anglican church. He had some schooling, although his father forbade him to learn Latin, and at the age of twelve he was withdrawn from school and apprenticed to his father to learn the craft of staymaking.
When he was in his mid-teens, inspired by the romantic stories of naval life by one of his teachers, Paine twice ran away from home to sea.
The first time he was intercepted. The second time he enlisted on the privateer, the King of Prussia. The exact sequence of events over the subsequent ten to fifteen years is unclear.
He lived in London on and off, but also had periods in Sandwich and in Margate. He continued periodically to ply his skills as a staymaker; he may have done some preaching in the Methodist persuasion ; and in he married a Mary Lambert, who died the following year in childbirth.
He first served as an officer in Decemberbut in August he was dismissed. New research in Brent et al suggests it may have been for whistleblowing. He wrote formally seeking re-admission to the service, which was granted.
While awaiting a posting he taught school in London. In he accepted a posting to Lewes, on the South Coast of England, and he took up lodgings with a Samuel Ollive, a local tobacconist.
In Lewes he became a member of the debating society—the Headstrong Club—and he was also reputed as a skater and player of bowls. Ollive died in Julyand Paine took lodgings elsewhere.
But he sustained his links with the family, and in March he married the daughter, Elizabeth Ollive — and established himself as part proprietor of the business. The following year he went to London to press the claims of the excisemen for higher pay. Although he returned to Lewes, he was sacked by the excise and his marriage had failed, and he sold up his business.
He headed to London, where he secured letters of introduction from Benjamin Franklin, whom he had encountered on an earlier visit to the capital, and embarked in April for the New World.
He was carried ashore in Philadelphia in November suffering from putrid fever, but he survived. In Philadelphia Paine developed an acquaintance with Robert Aitkin, a publisher and bookseller, who employed him to edit the Pennsylvania Magazine.
There remains considerable disagreement about which pieces in the Magazine were written by Paine, but it seems clear that he did contribute and that he developed a reputation among political circles in Philadelphia as a result, at just the time that tensions with Britain were reaching a crisis point.
In the autumn ofencouraged by Benjamin Rush, Paine began work on a pamphlet defending the case of American independence. He discussed his work with Rush, David Rittenhouse, Benjamin Franklin, and Samuel Adams, but the work was his own save for the title, for which Rush claimed responsibility.
Common Sense was the most widely read pamphlet of the American Revolution. Written in a direct and lively style, it denounced the decaying despotisms of Europe and pilloried hereditary monarchy as an absurdity. At a time when many still hoped for reconciliation with Britain, Common Sense demonstrated to many the inevitability of separation.
Paine consolidated his reputation as a pamphleteer with his series of American Crisis letters —83 ; he also served in a number of capacities for Congress and the Pennsylvanian Assembly.
Although he had links with the more radical elements of Pennsylvanian politics, he also committed his energies to a number of more elite projects—contributing to the establishment of the Bank of America to help raise money for the war, and working with Robert Morris to encourage State Legislatures to accept the need for Federal taxation to support the war.
After the Revolution he dedicated his time to scientific experiments, designing an iron bridge capable of spanning wide distances without the use of piers, experimenting with marsh gas with Washington, and attempting to produce a smokeless candle with Franklin. In he took a wooden model of his bridge to Paris, and subsequently to England where an iron model of feet was forged and constructed for public display in a field near Paddington in May He also became increasingly caught up in the initial events of the French revolution, thanks in part to his involvement with a group of French intellectuals enabled by Thomas Jefferson US Minister to France until late Paine contemplated writing a history of the French Revolution but he made slow progress—exacerbated by his poor French.
It was an immediate success, and brought Paine into the circles of those seeking to achieve parliamentary reform in Britain. He collaborated with a small group including Nicholas Bonneville and the Marquis de Condorcet to produce a republican manifesto that was pasted on the walls of Paris, to the outrage of most members of the National Assembly.Common Sense Thomas Paine begins be describing the history government and people.
He stated they people to often confuse government with society. He believed that society works to bring people together and to promote happiness, and that government promotes the opposite.
He also describes go. Thomas Paine was born on January 29, to a family of moderate means in Norfolk, England. His father was a Quaker and his mother an Anglican, and it is likely Paine was baptized into the Anglican church.
He had some schooling, although his father forbade him to learn Latin, and at the age of. Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine shared a similar purpose for writing. What was their purpose? (2 points) to express and reflect to persuade to inform to invite Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independance and Thomas Paine wrote the Anti-British rule colonial.
“The Works of Thomas Jefferson: Correspondence - , the Summary View, and the Declaration of Independence”, p, Cosimo, Inc. The only security of all is in a free press. The force of public opinion cannot be resisted when permitted freely to be expressed.
Relative to Paine's view of society and government, consuming less so others may live will be an example of self-governance in the near future, reflecting the Golden Rule found in universal religions and philosophies.
Articles on Thomas Paine; Thomas Paine Quotations; Events. Study Guide; Thomas Paine References and Resources. “The Works of Thomas Jefferson: Correspondence - , the Summary View, and the Declaration of Independence”, p, Cosimo, Inc.
If once the people become inattentive to the public affairs, you and I, and Congress and Assemblies, Judges and Governors, shall all become wolves.