Ask a question The "Web," short for "World Wide Web" which gives us the acronym wwwis the name for one of the ways that the internet lets people browse documents connected by hypertext links. Introduction to the Internet The principle of the Web is based on using hyperlinks to navigate between documents called web pages with a program called a browser. A web page is a simple text file written in a markup language called HTML that encodes the layout of the document, graphical elements, and links to other documents, all with the help of tags.
Although the computer system in the story is centralized, the story anticipates a ubiquitous information environment similar to the Web. The cultural impact of the web was imagined even further back in a short story by E. Forster" The Machine Stops ," first published in Berners-Lee found an enthusiastic supporter in Robert Cailliau.
The browser could access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files as well. However, it could run only on the NeXT; Nicola Pellow therefore created a simple text browser, called the Line Mode Browserthat could run on almost any computer.
Jones stored the plain-text page, with hyperlinks, on a floppy disk and on his NeXT computer. By January there were fifty Web servers across the world. Doctor Fun and NetBoy.
Some sites were also indexed by WAISenabling users to submit full-text searches similar to the capability later provided by search engines. Early browsers[ edit ] Initially, a web browser was available only for the NeXT operating system.
This shortcoming was discussed in January and alleviated in April by the release of Erwisean application developed at the Helsinki University of Technologyand in May by ViolaWWWcreated by Pei-Yuan Weiwhich included advanced features such as embedded graphics, scripting, and animation.
Both programs ran on the X Window System for Unix. Students at the University of Kansas adapted an existing text-only hypertext browser, Lynxto access the web.
Bruce for the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School to provide legal information, since access to Windows was more widespread amongst lawyers than access to Unix. Cello was released in June The company later changed its name to Netscapeand the browser was developed further as Netscape Navigator.
It comprised various companies that were willing to create standards and recommendations to improve the quality of the Web.
Berners-Lee made the Web available freely, with no patent and no royalties due. The W3C decided that its standards must be based on royalty-free technology, so they can be easily adopted by anyone. Commercialization of the Web[ edit ] Main article: Web marketing By it became obvious to most publicly traded companies that a public Web presence was no longer optional.
More dotcomsdisplaying products on hypertext webpages, were added into the Web.
Although a number of these new entrepreneurs had realistic plans and administrative ability, most of them lacked these characteristics but were able to sell their ideas to investors because of the novelty of the dot-com concept.
Historically, the dot-com boom can be seen as similar to a number of other technology-inspired booms of the past including railroads in the s, automobiles in the early 20th century, radio in the s, television in the s, transistor electronics in the s, computer time-sharing in the s, and home computers and biotechnology in the s.
In the bubble burst, and many dot-com startups went out of business after burning through their venture capital and failing to become profitable.
Many others, however, did survive and thrive in the early 21st century. Many companies which began as online retailers blossomed and became highly profitable. More conventional retailers found online merchandising to be a profitable additional source of revenue.
While some online entertainment and news outlets failed when their seed capital ran out, others persisted and eventually became economically self-sufficient. Traditional media outlets newspaper publishers, broadcasters and cablecasters in particular also found the Web to be a useful and profitable additional channel for content distribution, and an additional means to generate advertising revenue.
The sites that survived and eventually prospered after the bubble burst had two things in common; a sound business plan, and a niche in the marketplace that was, if not unique, particularly well-defined and well-served.The World Wide Web (WWW), also called the Web, is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The world wide web, or WWW, was created as a method to navigate the now extensive system of connected computers. Tim Berners-Lee, a contractor with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), developed a rudimentary hypertext program called ENQUIRE.
The World Wide Web uses three protocols: HTML (Hypertext markup language) - The language that we write our web pages in.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - Although other protocols can be used such as FTP, this is the most common protocol. It was developed specifically for the World Wide Web and favored for its simplicity and speed. Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in Sir Tim Berners-Lee is a British computer scientist.
He was born in London, and his parents were early computer scientists, working on one of the earliest computers. Growing up, Sir Tim was interested in trains and had a model railway in his.
Credit for the initial concept that developed into the World Wide Web is typically given to Leonard Kleinrock. In , he wrote about ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet, in a paper entitled. The World Wide Web, or “Web” for short, or simply Web, is a massive collection of digital pages to access information over the Internet.
The Web uses the HTTP protocol, to transmit data and allows applications to communicate in order to exchange business logic.