Humanism — a history of the hijacked Credo of our species Jul 3rd, By admin Category: Term freely applied to a variety of beliefs, methods, and philosophies that place central emphasis on the human realm. Most frequently, however, the term is used with reference to a system of education and mode of inquiry that developed in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and England.
Early vernacular literature The influence of France French prose and verse romances were popular in Italy from the 12th to the 14th century.
|Keep Exploring Britannica||This and a similar crisis in France were settled by a compromise.|
|Origin and meaning of the term humanism||On its most comprehensive level, it may be read as an allegorytaking the form of a journey through hellpurgatoryand paradise. The poem amazes by its array of learning, its penetrating and comprehensive analysis of contemporary problems, and its inventiveness of language and imagery.|
Stories from the Carolingian and Arthurian cycles, together with free adaptations from the Latin narrative classics, were read by the literate, while French minstrels recited verse in public places throughout northern Italy.
In this literature, though the language used was purportedly French, the writers often consciously or unconsciously introduced elements from their own northern Italian dialectsthus creating a linguistic hybrid.
Poetry was considered an embellishment of the court and an escape from serious matters of life, and it is significant that it was the love poetry of Provence —and not the political poetry—that was imitated by the Sicilian school.
The most important of these poets was the notary Jacopo da Lentinireputed to have invented the sonnet form. By an accident of history, all of the original Sicilian manuscripts were lost and the poetry of the Sicilian school was handed down in later Tuscan transcriptions, which make it look much closer to modern Italian than it really was.
The new style While Guittone and his followers were still writing, a new development appeared in love poetry, marked by a concern for precise and sincere expression and a new serious treatment of love.
His poetry was immediately appreciated by Cavalcanti, a serious and extremely talented lyric poet.
Cino da Pistoia used the vocabulary of the stilnovisti, as these poets were called, in an original way that in its melancholy psychological introspection looks forward to Petrarch. Purely local characteristics were removed, and the standard nonrealistic literary language of Italy had been created.
Comic verse Poesia giocoso realistic, or comic, verse was a complete contrast to serious love poetry. The language was often deliberately unrefined, colloquialand sometimes scurrilous, in keeping with the themes dealt with in the poetry.
This kind of verse belongs to an ongoing European tradition, owing something to the satirical goliard poets of the 12th and 13th centuries, who wrote Latin verses in praise of pleasure or in vituperation of their personal enemies, of women, or of the Roman Catholic Church. Though the personae they affect are often crude, even violent, the comic poets—whose usual verse form was the sonnet —were cultivated literary men and not the proletarian rebels that they were thought to be by Romantic critics.
Dante himself exchanged insults in this coarse combative style with his contemporary Forese Donati. Francis of Assisi was one of the earliest Italian poems. It was written in rhythmical prose that recalls the verses of the Bible and uses assonance in place of rhyme.
In the Umbrian dialect, God is praised through all the things of his creation. It is probable that St. Francis also composed a musical accompaniment, and after his death the lauda became a common form of religious song used by the confraternities of laypeople who gathered on holy days to sing the praises of God and the saints and to recall the life and Passion of Christ.
The one real poet of the lauda tradition was Jacopone da Todia Franciscan and a mystic. His laudi, in the form of ballads, were often concerned with the themes of spiritual poverty and the corruption of the church. Prose Literary vernacular prose began in the 13th century, though Latin continued to be used for writings on theologyphilosophylawpolitics, and science.
The founder of Italian artistic prose style, the Bolognese professor of rhetoric Guido Faba, illustrated his teaching with examples adapted from Latin. Guittone, his most-notable follower in epistolography, tended toward an ornate style replete with elaborate rhetorical and metrical figures. The Hundred Old Tales].
Though not yet completely at ease in vernacular prose, Dante combined simplicity with great delicacy and a poetic power that derived from the mysterious depths underlying certain key words.
Giovanni Aquilecchia Anthony Oldcorn The 14th century The literature of 14th-century Italy dominated all of Europe for centuries to come and may be regarded as the starting point of the Renaissance.
Three names stand out: DantePetrarchand Boccaccio.The Divine Comedy (Italian: Divina Commedia [diˈviːna komˈmɛːdja]) is an Italian long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. and completed in , a year before his death in It is widely considered to be the preeminent work in Italian literature and one of the greatest works of world literature.
The poem's imaginative vision of the afterlife is representative of the. Inferno (pronounced ; Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Italian writer Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine kaja-net.com is followed by Purgatorio and kaja-net.com Inferno tells the journey of Dante through Hell, guided by the ancient Roman poet kaja-net.com the poem, Hell is depicted as nine concentric circles of torment located within the Earth; it is the "realm of those who.
The Influence of Dante's Inferno - Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy is an epic poem that begins with the Inferno. The Inferno is an extremely influential part of European literature.
Dante: Dante Alighieri (–) was an Italian poet, prose writer, and political thinker who is best known for his epic poem The Divine Comedy. The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening.
It was first employed (as humanismus) by 19th-century German scholars to designate the Renaissance emphasis on classical studies in kaja-net.com studies were pursued and endorsed by educators known, as early as the late 15th century, as umanisti—that is, professors or students of Classical literature.
And before all things you should know and understand that the Sword is only one Art and it was devised and thought out hundreds of years ago. This art is the foundation and core and it was completely understood and known by Master Liechtenauer.